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Bearded Dragon Diet-vegetables, fruits, plants, unsafe plants

BEARDED DRAGON DIET LIST

 

Safe Vegetables

 

Acorn squash              Artichoke heart           Asparagus       Beets                           Beetroot

Bell Peppers                Bok Choy                    Broccoli           Brussels sprouts

Butternut squash         Cabbage                      Cauliflower     Celery  `                       Chicory

Collard greens             Cucumber                    Endive             Green beans                Lentils

Kale                             Kohlrabi                      Mushrooms     Mustard greens

Okra                            Parsley                         Parsnips           Peas, green                  Pumpkin

Radicchio                    Rutabagas                    Snow peas       Spagetti squash

Spring greens              Sweet potato                Swiss chard     Turnip greens              Yams

Yellow squash

 

Safe Plants

 

Alfalfa                         Arugula                       Astilbe             Baby’s tears                 Basil

Borage                         Carnations                   Chinese lantern                                   Clover

Coriander                    Dahlia                          Dandelion greens                                Day lilies

Fennel                         Ficus                            Hibiscus          Hollyhock                   Lavender

Lemon grass                Mequite leaves            Mint leaves      Mulberry leaves          Nasturtium

Oregano                      Pansies                        Petunia            Phlox                           Rose petals

Rosemary                    Sage                            Thyme             Watercress                   Yucca

 

Safe Fruits

 

Apples                         Apricot                        Banana            Blackberries                Blueberries

Chayote                       Cherries                       Cranberries      Figs                             Grapes

Grapefruit                    Guava                          Kiwi                Mangos                       Melons

Nectarine                     Papayas                       Peaches           Pears                            Pineapple

Plum                            Pomegranate                Prickly pears   Prunes                         Raisins

Raspberries                  Starfruit                       Strawberries    Tomatoes

 

 

 

 

Unsafe plants

 

Acocanthera                Amaryllis                     Angel’s trumpet                                   Azalea

Bittersweet                  Black locust                 Boxwood        Braken fern                 Buckthorn

Burdock                      Buttercup                     Caladium         Calla lily                      Catclaw acacia

Caster bean                 Chinaberry                  Clematis          Coral Plant                  Crocus

Wild daffodil               Daphne                        Death camas    Delphinium                 Dieffenbachia

Elderberry                   Elephant’s ears Euonymus       Europeon pennyroyal

Four o’clock                Heliotrope                   Henbane          Holly                           Horse chestnut

Horse nettle                 Hyacinth                      Hydrangea       Iris                               Ivy

Jack-in-the-pulpit         Jerusalem cherry         Jonquil             Juniper                         Lantana

Larkspur                      Laurel                          Lily-of-the-valley                                Lobella

Mistletoe                      Mock orange               Moonseed        Monkshood                 Morning glory

Narcissus                     Oak                             Oleander          Peony                          Periwinkle

Peyote                         Philodendron               Poison hemlock                                   Poison ivy

Poison oak                  Poison sumac              Poinsetta          Poppy                          Pokeweed

Primrose                      Privet                           Ragwort          Red maple                   Rhododendron

Rosary pea                  Shamrock plant           Skunk cabbage                                    Snowdrop

Sorrel                           Spurges                       Star of Bethlehem                               Sweet pea

Tobacco                       Tulip                            Virginia creeper                                   Vetches

Water hemlock            Waxberry                     Wisteria           Yew

“I see you!” The solar eye of bearded dragons.

lily-the-lizard-blogWe, pagonas, are very unique.  We have normal left and right eyes with eyelids like other animals. However, we also have a third or solar eye on the top of our head. It is a true eye but with no eyelids and instead of communicating with the optic center of the brain, it sends signals to the pineal gland, My special eye measures the photoperiod of light in my environment. My entire body functions are regulated by my special eye sensing if the sun is out or not and for how many hours.

My pineal eye can sense ultrared and ulvtraviolet light so if my human servants leave the red light on at night, I can see it and not sleep well.  Sometimes I can crawl under a log or rock for darkness but it is better to shut the red light off and use a ceramic heater for warmth.

Ahhh. Time to relax and watch a movie.  Casablanca is my favorite. Here’s looking at you, kid.

 

“HOLD THE CRICKETS. GIVE ME A SALAD.” DIETS OF BEARDED DRAGONS

lily-the-lizard-blogAh, time for dinner. Most humans have the idea that my relatives and I only need crickets to eat. We DO like crickets but they are not a balanced diet. Assume that all you could eat is chocolate cake. At first this may be great but soon serious diseases can start to occur. Nutritional secondary parathyroidism is very common in Pogonas that have a calcium deficiency. Most people buy crickets from the store and feed them to us right away. Theses crickets are usually starved themselves and have very little nutritional value. Many are full of parasites that are past to us.  It is best to place the crickets in a plastic tub and add chicken layer scratch for them to feed on. Scratch is for chickens that lay eggs and is very high in calcium. Gut loading crickets this way provides a much higher calcium level than by traditional dusting.

At birth, Pogonas need a diet of 90% protein and 10% vegetables.  Gut loaded crickets, meal worms, waxworms, and roaches work well but also offer small amounts of shredded mixed vegetable salad. At 1 year-old, the diet should be 50% animal 50% vegetable.  At 2-3 years old, feed 90% vegetable matter. Give insects only 1-2 times per month.

A wide variety of vegetables can be offered.  Any dark green leafy plant, carrots, bell peppers, tomatoes, beans and peas are some options. Calcium powder should be added to the salad also.  Bearded dragons really don’t need other supplements other than a good diet and calcium.

Oh, the waiter is here to take my order. I will have the house salad as an appetizer, the vegetable and fruit plate for my entrée and finish with a chilled waxworm for dessert. Oh, and a glass of Chardonnay.  Bon appetit!!

“HERE COMES THE SUN.” TEMPERATURE NEEDS FOR BEARDED DRAGONS

lily-the-lizard-blogHi! This is Lily again. I am currently basking under my heat lamp at Sawnee Animal Clinic.

My cousins and I LOVE the sun. We are diurnal which means that we get up in the morning, are active during the day and sleep at night. (Much like you humans but without the coffee.) Since I am a modified ectotherm, I need the sun to warm up and become active. I can control my body temperature some by behavior modification.  Basking in direct sunlight and orienting my body toward the heat warms me up. Hiding and panting cools me down.  Most people don’t realize that I can lower my body temperature to BELOW the surrounding air temperature.  By using body positioning, I can keep my internal temperature within a narrow range. My human servants sometimes worry about me getting too hot but this is very rare. I can get too COLD especially at night when most of the lights are shut off.

Having a ceramic heater is the best thing for heating rather than a red light. I can see light in the ultraviolet and red band spectrum so the red light is still visible to me. It is hard to sleep with that thing on at night. A ceramic heater produces a consistent heat without light or places that might burn me like a “hot rock”.

I don’t need much water to drink either.  In Australia, rainfall is very sporadic.  In the wild, pogonas go for several days without water.  My human servants really only need to give me water every 3-4 days and this frequency helps to keep humidity low.  I do love to take water soaks though.Soaking helps my digestive system.

“HI. I’M A POGONA” HISTORY OF BEARDED DRAGONS

lily-the-lizard-blog

Hi, I’m Lily the lizard residing in the lobby of Sawnee Animal Clinic. My Latin genius name is Pogona but you probable know me as a bearded dragon. I have become the most popular reptile pet in America.  All of my ancestors came from several regions in Australia covering most of the continent.  Each area is a little different and, therefore, so are we but all are arid so we like it hot and dry.Australia closed its exportation of Pogonas in the 1980’s and some animals were smuggled out.All animals today are the result of crossbreeding two to six different subspecies of those individuals.One ancestor, Pogona barbata, had a lot of yellow pigment in its mouth so any Pogona today with the same characteristic has at least some P. barbata bloodline. Unfortunately, you can’t guess how much P. barbata is present based on the amount of yellow pigment.

 

NOISE AVERSION IN DOGS

 A common issue many dog owners face, especially during the summer months, is noise aversion or noise anxiety in their dogs. By noise aversion, we mean the
It is surprisingly more common than many think but because it is episodic in nature, it is only on the forefront of pet owners’ minds when it is an immediate or impending problem. Therefore, there have been few medical advances in how to deal with dogs that suffer from noise aversion and the behavioral problems it creates. That being said, Zoetis did just release a new drug specifically for noise aversion called, Sileo. 
 
            Sileo is made with dexdomitor, which is usually used for sedation and anesthesia but has been made into a gel form. So instead of having to pill your dog with acepromazine or trazadone and wait an hour for the pills to kick in, Sileo is a gel that is applied to and absorbed through the gums of your dog. It takes about 30 minutes to kick in and helps your dog to stay calm during loud noise events. What it does is it inhibits norepinephrine (or norarenalin). Norepinephrine is a brain chemical involved in the fight-or-flight part of the nervous system, it is associated with anxiety and fear response. By inhibiting it, your dog should become less over stimulated and fearful during loud noise events. The current research shows very few side effects but when there are some, the most common ones seen are vomiting and lowered heart rate.
 
            While many are excited to hear that a new drug has come out specifically designed to help their dogs deal with their noise anxiety, others have been wary of its cure-all image. Some dog owners prefer to stick with all-natural supplements to deal with noise aversion such as Ewegurt, thundervests, and specialized collars, however, when a dog truly suffers from severe noise aversion these alternatives can really fall short. Therefore, it really comes down to the dog owner and what they are comfortable with and what their vet thinks is appropriate. 
 
At the end of the day, noise aversion is still a fairly under-researched issue and many of our veterinary treatments for it address the symptoms not the root cause, thus the underlying fear remains untreated.